"Apartheid" When: Lookups spiked on December 5, 2013. Why: Tributes to Nelson Mandela's life recounted his successful struggle to end apartheid.
Apartheid, "a former policy of segregation and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa," was the official name of the government policy introduced by South Africa's National Party in 1948.
Partly because of Mandela’s efforts, apartheid became synonymous with a certain kind of injustice. As a result, it can now be used in a general way to mean "separation" or "segregation."
The word comes from Afrikaans, the South African language based on Dutch. Since Dutch is a close relative of English, we can see the word "apart" in apartheid. The -heid part of the word is the equivalent of "-hood" in English, as in parenthood or – appropriately in the context of Mandela's life – brotherhood.
The huge problem in SA is the difference between the well off and the poor, which makes our own 99% vs. 1% laughable in comparison. The difference is mostly along racial lines, but not all of it. There's a guy who went to school here, was a rabid Marxist back in the day, then graduated and went back to SA. He joined the government as an assistant minister for whatever they call the exploitation of natural resources. After a while, he left the govt. and joined a private oil extraction firm. He's rich as can be now. Marx? Just a passing phase.
_________________________ MACTECHubi dolor ibi digitus
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