My uncle had a orange tree and a lemon tree - he then grafted Lime onto both and ended up with something I thought was rather very odd in taste , compared to a store bought yellow lemon or a green lime .
Anyway he was a fisherman (boat) so the fruits from his trees was always used in the menus . Was not bad just odd
Poncirus trifoliata is the rootstock involved and several varieties of Valencia orange types were grafted on by means of me slicing tree and inserting a bud taken from a stick which was in turn taken from trees of the varieties of which I speak above.. Some other photos on this page may indicate of that which I speak.
After the grafted copies of the new trees have formed a union with the rootstock, then the top of the rootstock is cut away and the new bud is now the tip bud and makes a new tree where another once stood or in fact still stands.
If you buy a grafted tree and neglect to assist the new top to grow, there is the possibility that the rootstock will try to re-outcompete the top.
Which means you have to take those thorny branches that look different from the orange, lemon, mandarin, lime , grapefruit that you actually paid money for.. yes take them off. You paid money for the roots but you don't want the roots to grow leaves.
Once the new grafted tree takes off the problem about rootstock trying to shoot is much reduced by shade from the top and a thing known as apical dominance. In laymans terms, preference for the tip of the plant to grow first.
Whenever the grafted top of the tree starts suffering, the first thing you will notice because you didn't notice the tree suffering will be shoots appearing below the graft.. it is the survival mechanism for all rootstocks which is one of the reasons they are used as rootsocks.
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